The Great History
The main town of the district of Mahendragarh, Narnaul dates back to the Mahabharata as Nar Rashtra according to legend. Another one puts it to be about 900 years old, where lions roamed free in jungles and thus the name Naharnaul (lion’s fear). There’s one more – one Raja Launkaran named it Narlaun after his wife. Whichever one you choose to believe, today its called Narnaul so we’ll call it that too.
Sher Shah Sur, the Afghan king who make the grand Trunk Road ross indian
sub-continent and shook the foundations of the Mughal dynasty, was born here. His father, Hasan Khan, was engaged in the services of emperor Jahangir and was the jagirdar of Narnaul. While Akbar ruled, he established a mint here, churning out coins for the masses. The religious Satnamis revolted against Aurangzeb’s envoy in Narnaul so severaly that the emperor himself came down to quash the revolt.
When the Mughal dynasty disintegrated, the town was taken over by the Rajputs and became a part of Jaipur. However, after the failed Uprising of 1857 against the British, Narnaul passed into the hands of the ruler of Patiala, Maharaja Narinder Singh, for helping the Britishers.
Narnaul is a city, a municipal council and headquarter of Mahendragarh district in the Indian state of Haryana. It is one of the very few districts in India with the name of the district different from the name of the main town in the district.
In the beginning, the town was controlled by Jogis who performed many miracles. Till the advent of Islam, Rathor Rajputs ruled the town and the adjoining areas. A Muslim saint Hazarat Turkman came and settled here in the third decade of twelfth century. The Rathors had many skirmishes with the companions of Turkman, who himself was killed in 1137. Turkman is worshipped, as a martyr by the Muslims. His tomb, in the heart of the town, had been visited by thousands of Muslim pilgrims in the past. From the time of Iltutmish Narnaul came again under the control of Muslims. But it had also been a scene of plunder many times at the hands of neighbouring Muslim Jagirdars.
Narnaul was also closely associated with the Sur-Afghans. Sher Shah’s grandfather, Ibrahim Khan, came here first. He got the town of Narnaul and surrounding villages from the then administrator of Firoze-i-Hisar to meet the expenses of the forty horseman militia he provided.
After his death Hasan Khan, father of Sher Shah Suri, the supplanter of Humayun, became the Jagirdar of Narnaul. After the Second Battle of Panipat, Akbar gifted this Jagir to Shah Quli Khan Mahram who arrested Hemu, the famous warrior general of Rewari.
At Akbar's time Narnaul had a mint (Taksal). To effect reforms in the mint, Akbar visited Narnaul along with Raja Todar Mal and Khawaja Shah Mansur. The Jalali coin was issued by Akbar from Narnaul Birbal also used to visit this town. Birbal's Chatta stands to this day reminding the visits of Birbal, one of the nine jewels (Nav Rattan) of the great Mughal, Akbar. During the time of Aurangzeb, the Satnami Sadhus revolted against the suppression caused by the Muslim Jagirdar. The revolt took the form of a serious communal riot. Satnamis, after killing the MuslimFaujdar, occupied the town. The imperial forces stationed here took to their heels. To quell this riot Aurangzeb himself had to come with a large contingent.
Some time later, the Nawab of Narnaul, Taherbeg, kidnapped a Hindu Satnami girl.
The Satnamis then fought with Nawab Taherbeg and killed him.
"Satnamis Sat se lare, Lekar hath me Teg,
Narnaul ke gorve, mara diya Taherbeg."
With the disintegration of Mughal empire after the death of Aurangzeb, 4 Thakur of Jaipur annexed Narnaul but soon he lost it to the French General, De-Boigne. Later Murtza Khan Bharaich got the Jagirdari of Narnaul. In his lineage Abdur Rahman, Nawab of Jhajjar raised a banner of revolt against the British in 1857.
After the Battle of Narnaul during the First War of Indian Independence in 1857, he along with some co-patriots were hanged.
In 1857 Pran Sukh Yadav along with Rao Tula Ram of Rewari fought with the British at Nasibpur village, a village near Narnaul. The battle was one of the most ferocious battles of the First War of Indian Independence. Later Pran Sukh Yadav settled at the village of Nihalpura and rehabilitated the kin of dead soldiers.
Narnaul was thereafter gifted to the ruler of Patiala, Narender Singh, for rendering loyal services to the Britishers.
Narnaul according to Latif's Safarnama was a blessed place from which the world (aalme), i.e. the whole country benefited. It was an unparalleled place on earth, (chashm afrida chuneen gai na deeda). It was the cleanest place and its cleanliness was preserved with jealousy by keeping exceptional care and watch thereabout. Latif compares the city with heaven itself. Latif, a noted scholar stayed here during l7th century for three days and nights and felt extremely happy on having a chance to do so. Quli Khan built a beautiful garden also near the palace. Latif compares this garden with Bagh-e-Aram (garden of paradise).
Narnaul is replete with historical monuments like Ibrahim Khan Suri's tomb, tomb of Shah Wilayat, Sarai Mukand Das, Pobianwali mosque, Dargah Sheikh Miran, Takhat Wati Baoli, Shah Quli Khans tomb, Hargopal tatab, Shah Quli Khan's Jal Mahal, Paltian-Ki-Masjid and Chhatta Rai Mukand or Chhatta Birbal and some temples.
The main town of the district of Mahendragarh, Narnaul dates back to the Mahabharata era as Nar Rashtra according to legend. Another legend puts it to be about 900 years old where lions roamed free in the jungles surrounding the town. These lions gave the town the name Naharnaul (Fear of Lions). According to yet another legend, Raja Launkaran named it Narlaun after his wife.
Dhosi is a hill regarded as being holy by the inhabitants of the village of Kultajpur 8 km away from Narnaul.
The famous "Chavanprash" was invented on this hill by Rishi (Sage) Chavan in ancient times.
- Bhrigu Rishi
- Chahvan Rishi
- Peer Turkmaan
- Sher Shah Suri
- Swami Ramdev
- Holy Vedas
- Ayurvedic Products and KayaKalp( Link)
- Hand made silver jewwllary and silver buttons
- Wooden Chariots, decorated with Ivory and brass
- Brass items and mint for coins
Geology Sites Narnaul is rich in mineral resources such as iron ore, copper ore, beryl, tourmaline, Muschovite mica, Biotite mica, albie,calcite, and quartz. There are many sites for study of geology students for collect samples.
Transport Road: Narnaul is connected by road to Rewari, Mahendragarh and other towns in Haryana and nearby towns Jhunjhunu, Behror, etc. of Rajasthan. Buses ply from the main bus interchange in Narnaul to these and other towns and Delhi.
Railway: Narnaul is located on the Delhi-Ringas-Abu Road-Ahmedabad railway track. Only seven trains run on this section. The track will become a part of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor by 2015.
Airport: Delhi is the nearest airport 130 km away. There is an airstrip located at Bhilwara village 10 km from Narnaul used as a flying club.
Distances to cities : Mahendragarh 25 km, Rewari 56 km, Behror 25 km, Bhiwani 85 km, Alwar 80 km, Jhunjhunu 90 km, Gurgaon 110 km, Delhi130 km, Jaipur 165 km, Hisar 155 km, Chandigarh 375 km.